Diseases and Conditions

    12 Weeks to a Heart-Healthy Lifestyle
    Heart disease is a killer, but you can do plenty to reduce your risk and prolong your life. Research shows that making lifestyle changes can decrease your risk of heart disease and help you control it if you already have it.


    8 Mistakes Heart Patients Make
    The way you respond to a heart attack can make a profound difference in what happens to you in the future.


    A Kids' Asthma Journal
    Do you want to gain better control over your asthma? Put it in writing!


    A Red Face Could Signal Rosacea
    Although the cause of rosacea is unknown, people with fair skin who blush easily may be at the greatest risk for it.


    A Simple Way to Keep the Flu Away
    You can avoid the flu this season by taking one simple step: Get a flu shot.


    A Woman's Guide to Beating Heart Disease
    Surveys show fewer than one in 10 women perceive heart disease as their greatest health threat. But it's the nation's number one killer, and women are its prime target.


    Ability to Concentrate Isn't What It Used to Be
    With today's world filled with flashing images of MTV, quick news reports, and fast-food restaurants on every corner, are we capable of concentrating as well as we used to?


    Acute Severe Asthma
    Asthma can be unpredictable, but it is important to recognize the difference between a minor flare-up and an attack that could be life-threatening.


    AEDs: High-Tech Help for Heart Attacks
    Technology has given us the automated external defibrillator (AED), which is turning up far from hospitals. Some schools and public buildings already have AEDs.


    After a Heart Attack
    Over the long-term, your quality of life is tied to how severe your heart attack was and how it was treated. Beyond that, any change will depend largely on you.


    Air Pollution
    Detailed information on air pollution and air pollution prevention


    All About Blood Pressure Medication
    Several kinds of medicine are commonly prescribed for high blood pressure. Here are some of the main types.


    All About Cholesterol-Lowering Medicines
    There are 5 main types of cholesterol-lowering medications.


    All About Color Blindness
    Most people with color blindness—also called color vision deficiency—can see certain colors. Usually, the difficulty involves distinguishing between shades of red and green.


    All About Kidney Stones
    A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms in the kidney out of substances normally dissolved in the urine.


    All About Muscle Cramps
    Muscle cramps -- involuntary muscle contractions -- are common. But even though they can be quite painful, they don't cause damage.


    Allergy Overview
    Allergies are problems of the immune system. Most allergic reactions happen when the immune system reacts to a “false alarm.” Normally, the human body defends itself against harmful things, such as viruses or bacteria. But sometimes the defenses violently attack mostly mild things, such as dust, mold, or pollen.


    Alternatives to Alcoholics Anonymous
    Some treatment programs teach problem drinkers to reduce their drinking. This approach appeals to people who otherwise might not seek treatment.


    Alzheimer's Disease Quiz
    Find out more about this degenerative disease of the brain by taking this quiz.


    Anemia Quiz
    Answer this one: What is the most common cause of anemia?


    Answers to Questions About Your Child's Mental Health
    Although some behavior problems can be attributed to normal child development, some need professional help.


    Answers to Your Questions About Arthritis and Exercise
    People with arthritis can improve their health and fitness through exercise without damaging their joints.


    Antibiotics
    Detailed information on the use of antibiotics and children


    Appendicitis: Children and Teens
    Appendicitis, an infection of the appendix, is the most common reason for a child to need emergency abdominal surgery.


    Ascites
    Ascites is a condition in which fluid collects in spaces within your abdomen. They can be painful and keep you from moving around comfortably. Ascites can set the stage for an infection in your abdomen. Fluid may also move into your chest and surround your lungs. This makes it hard to breathe.


    Asthma in Older Adults
    Many people think of asthma as a childhood disease, but it often occurs as a new condition in older adults.


    Asthma on Campus
    College can pose challenges for the student with asthma. New and unfamiliar living quarters, school and social stresses, and other factors can trigger a flare-up.


    Asthma: Allergy Testing
    If you think you may have allergies, talk with your healthcare provider about getting tested.


    Atopic Dermatitis
    Atopic dermatitis, also called eczema, is a chronic skin disorder. It commonly affects infants and may last until adulthood. It causes itchy, scaly patches on the skin.


    Babies Need "Tummy Time"
    Putting babies to sleep on their backs has dramatically reduced the incidence of SIDS. One unexpected side effect: Many infants now have a flattened head.


    BMD: Another Reason to Check for Ticks
    The bite of a deer tick can pass on several diseases, including Lyme disease and Borrelia miyamotoi disease.


    Bone Spurs Are a Thorny Problem
    Scientists believe bone spurs happen because of osteoarthritis or when the body tries to heal itself after a trauma by replacing bone.


    Care of Children's Mouth and Teeth
    Most children should begin regular dental care by the time they turn 1 year old.


    Celiac Disease Can Harm Digestion
    Celiac disease, or celiac sprue, is a digestive disease that damages the small intestine and interferes with absorption of nutrients from food.


    Claudication
    Claudication is pain in your thigh, calf, or buttocks that happens when you walk. It may be a symptom of peripheral artery disease (PAD). This is when narrowed or blocked arteries reduce the blood flow to your legs.


    Clinical Guidelines for Heart Failure
    As a patient, understanding the basics of the guidelines can help you take a more active role in your treatment.


    Cold vs. Allergy: How Do I Know the Difference?
    Detailed information on the differences between the common cold symptoms and symptoms of allergies


    Colonoscopy
    Colonoscopy is a procedure that lets your healthcare provider check the inside of your entire large intestine or colon.


    Concussions: Caution Is a No-Brainer
    Although concussions range from mild to severe, they're all serious injuries that can harm the way the brain works.


    COPD: End-of-Life Care
    What kind of care would you want if you were no longer able to speak for yourself?


    Dental Implants
    Detailed information on dental implants, including types and potential risks


    Depression Not a Normal Part of Aging
    In general, only about 3% of the elderly living independently in the community will experience depression. That figure increases to around 20% to 30% of people in nursing homes or with chronic illnesses like emphysema, heart disease or diabetes.


    Describing a Skin Condition
    Here are some common terms that may help you describe your skin condition to your healthcare provider.


    Diabetes and Sensitive Topics
    Diabetes affects every part of your life, and it can create problems that aren’t easy to talk about with your healthcare provider.


    Diabetic Skin Troubles
    About one-third of people with diabetes get a skin problem sooner or later. Fortunately, most problems can be prevented or easily treated.


    Diagnosing and Evaluating Heart Disease in Children
    Detailed information on diagnosing and evaluating heart disease in children


    Diet for Lactose Intolerance
    Detailed information on lactose intolerance, including a list of foods that contain lactose


    Disorders of the Immune System
    When your immune system doesn’t work the way it should, it is called an immune system disorder.


    Don't Ignore Dry Eyes
    The condition called dry eyes may feel a sand-like grittiness that can range from mild to severe.


    Ease the Pain of Muscle Cramps
    Cramps do not mean there is a problem with the muscle itself; rather, experts believe they happen when the fluid and electrolyte imbalance catches up to you or when a nerve overstimulates a muscle.


    Endometrial Cancer: Diagnosis
    Cancer of the endometrium is a disease in which cancerous cells are found in the lining of the uterus. It is highly curable when found early.


    Endometriosis
    The tissue that lines the uterus is called the endometrium. Normally, if a woman doesn’t get pregnant, this tissue is shed each month during her period. In endometriosis, tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue implants outside the uterus.This can cause pain, heavy periods, and infertility.


    Facts About Diabetes
    Diabetes affects the way the body metabolizes, or uses, digested food to make glucose, the main source of fuel for the body.


    Fever in Children
    When your child has a fever, the body resets its thermostat at a higher temperature. This helps the body fight off invading microorganisms.


    Fibromyalgia
    Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes pain in muscles and soft tissues all over the body. It is an ongoing (chronic) condition. It can affect your neck, shoulders, back, chest, hips, buttocks, arms and legs.


    Finding Support for Emotional Issues
    How do you know when your emotions are of the everyday sort, or when you could benefit from seeing a therapist?


    Finding the Right Rehab Program for Substance Abuse
    Drug addiction and alcohol addiction are chronic diseases that can be treated as successfully as many other chronic diseases, including high blood pressure, asthma, and diabetes.


    Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Health Issues
    People who are gay, lesbian, or transgender may be at greater risk for health problems because they don’t always see a healthcare provider when they need to. This may be because they feel embarrassed, have had a bad experience, fear judgment, or have a healthcare provider who is uninformed.


    Gestational Diabetes
    Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that happens during pregnancy. The symptoms of gestational diabetes usually go away after delivery. But sometimes they do not, or you may develop type 2 diabetes later.


    Getting the Most from a Mental Health Support Group
    Mental health support groups offer support, understanding, and helpful information to people struggling with depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other conditions.


    Glasses Can Help Even Young Children
    Healthcare providers who specialize in children's eye care say children usually become near- or farsighted between ages 6 and 12. But even infants can wear glasses if they need help to see well.


    Head Lice
    Head lice are tiny parasitic bugs that can infest the skin. They live on people’s heads and feed on their blood. Head lice can cause intense itching.


    Healing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    People who feel they're unable to regain control of their lives because of their responses to the trauma may have post-traumatic stress disorder.


    Heart Attacks and Women
    For many women, a heart attack may feel like a strange discomfort in the back or some other easily ignored sign, instead of crushing chest pain.


    Heart Disease: Communicating with Several Providers
    If you are like most people with heart disease, you have several providers who each treat you for a different health issue.


    Heart Disease: Considering Cold Relief
    Colds and the flu can be serious for people with heart disease.


    Heart Disease: How Disease Management Helps
    Participating in a disease management program gives you the chance to ask questions about exercise, medication, diet, and other treatment options.


    Heart Disease: Keep Your Gums Healthy
    People with gum disease are more likely to have heart disease than people with healthy gums.


    Heart Failure and Physical Activity
    If you have heart failure, you may wonder if physical activity is good for you.


    Heart Failure: Breathe More Easily
    Heart failure makes it hard for oxygen to get into the blood, causing shortness of breath.


    Heartburn Medicine May Put Your Bones at Risk
    Recent studies have found that people who take proton pump inhibitors are significantly more likely to break their hipbone or any other bone.


    Helping Others Understand Your Migraine
    You and your loved ones will benefit if they understand your condition and how best to help.


    Helping Someone with a Mental Illness
    Caring for someone you love who is sick or disabled is never easy. When the illness affects your loved one’s state of mind, the demands placed on you can be especially difficult.


    Helping Someone with Memory Loss
    In older people, it's easy to mistake memory problems for the everyday forgetfulness that some people experience as they grow older.


    Helping Your Teen Manage Asthma
    Having asthma isn’t easy, and for most kids, neither is being a teen. Here are some common teen issues and suggestions for easing your child’s concerns.


    Hepatitis C: A Threat from the Past
    Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Over time, HCV can lead to cirrhosis of the liver or liver cancer. Most people who have hepatitis C don’t have any symptoms for years. Many don’t know that they are infected until their liver is already damaged.


    Hereditary Hemochromatosis
    Hereditary hemochromatosis is one of the most common genetic disorders in the U.S. Itcauses your body to absorb too much iron from the food you eat.


    High Blood Pressure: Kids Can Have It, Too
    Hypertension, or high blood pressure, isn't limited to those 18 and older.


    Hospices Offer Comfort at Life's End
    As medical progress prolongs our lives, the end can linger. So, more and more people are turning to hospice care.


    How to Beat Serious Stress
    When you're faced with a highly stressful event in your life, the strategies outlined here will help you cope.


    How to Keep Your Gums and Teeth Healthy
    Brushing and flossing your teeth isn't hard to do, and doing both properly can help prevent gum disease and tooth loss.


    How to Manage Diabetes During Illness
    The stress of illness or injury can cause blood sugar to rise and make insulin less effective. This can lead to serious problems, including diabetic coma. That’s why it’s important to know what to do when illness strikes.


    How to Manage Prehypertension
    Prehypertension is a term that alerts people to the very real risk of developing chronic high blood pressure if they don't take timely steps to improve their lifestyle habits.


    How to Manage Your Osteoarthritis
    Taking arthritis medication is important, but what you do for yourself, including exercising, doing relaxation exercises and managing your emotions and attitudes, is just as crucial to your ability to lead an active, productive life.


    How to Prevent Osteoarthritis
    The less unnecessary stress you put on your joints, the less likely they are to wear out prematurely.


    How to Stay Healthy at Work
    Here are measures you can take to protect yourself from the flu at the office.


    How to Take Part in Every Medical Decision
    Well-informed people who play a significant role in deciding how they’re going to treat their health conditions are likely to feel better about the decision process.


    Indoor Air Can Cause Health Problems
    Don't assume you're safe just because you're inside. The air within homes and other buildings can be more seriously polluted than the outdoor air in even the largest and most industrialized cities.


    Infectious Mononucleosis
    Infectious mononucleosis is characterized by swollen lymph glands, fever, sore throat, and chronic fatigue.


    Insomnia
    Insomnia is trouble falling to sleep or staying asleep. One in 3 adults has bouts of insomnia.


    Insulin and Type 2 Diabetes
    Many people with diabetes need to change their treatment plan at some point. There are advantages to this. For example, taking insulin can make it easier to manage your blood sugar.


    Introduction to Menopause
    When a woman permanently stops having menstrual periods, she has reached the stage of life called menopause. This stage signals the end of a woman's ability to have children.


    Is Bursitis Busting Up the Joint?
    Bursitis can make simple movements of your shoulder, elbow, hip or knee seem monumental.


    Is It Time for a New Joint?
    Millions of us struggle with pain and loss of motion because of joint damage caused by arthritis. If other treatments fail to offer relief, you may wonder about turning in your worn-out joints for new ones.


    Keep an Eye on Your Child's Vision
    It's best to catch vision problems while a child is very young. Later, problems are harder to correct.


    Kids' Headaches: The Diagnosis Is Difficult
    Most headaches in kids are caused by tension, not disease. Your pediatrician can determine what kind of headache your child has.


    Learning to Live with Heart Disease
    Millions of people diagnosed with heart disease enjoy active, satisfying lives. Instead of looking on their diagnoses as sentences to be invalids, they have used them as catalysts to make positive changes in their lives.


    Liver: Anatomy and Functions
    Detailed anatomical description of human liver, including simple definitions and labeled, full-color illustrations


    Living with Parkinson’s Disease
    You have a number of tools at your disposal for better managing the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease and living a healthy, enjoyable life.


    Low Back Pain
    Everyone has experienced low back pain at one time or another. Most people can recover from low back pain with home treatment such as activity modification, weight loss, quitting smoking and other steps. Sometimes medication or surgery is needed.


    Low-Vision Devices
    Low-vision devices are categorized as either optical or nonoptical. Optical devices are magnifying lenses or closed circuit TV. Nonoptical devices are large-print books and talking computers.


    Major Depression in Adolescents
    Depression is a mood disorder that involves a adolescent's body, mood, and thoughts. It can affect and disrupt eating, sleeping, or thinking patterns.


    Managing Prehypertension Without Drugs
    Even if your blood pressure is normal or high-normal, you're still at increased risk for hypertension (high blood pressure), the condition in which your heart works too hard and the resulting forceful blood flow harms arteries.


    Medicines to Treat ADHD in Children
    Children who have ADHD are often given medicine as part of their treatment plan. The type of medicine most often chosen is a psychostimulant.


    Mental Health: Finding the Help You Need
    When your life seems to be spinning out of control, it's OK to seek professional mental health help.


    Metabolic Syndrome
    Metabolic syndrome is a condition that includes the presence of a cluster of risk factors specific for cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome greatly raises the risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, stroke, or all three.


    Metabolic Syndrome and Prediabetes
    Metabolic syndrome is marked by higher levels of glucose in the blood. That's also a sign of prediabetes.


    Metabolic Syndrome and Soft Drink Consumption
    Regular soft drinks contain sugar—empty calories in your diet. Sugary drinks also raise insulin levels, which causes you to put on more deep fat.


    Metabolic Syndrome Worksheet
    To help manage your condition, fill in the dates on which you had or will have the tests or checkups described here.


    Metabolic Syndrome: Lowering Your Heart Disease Risk
    Control your blood pressure, keep your cholesterol in check, and take your medicine as prescribed.


    Metabolic Syndrome: Managing Salt
    A key way to reduce the effects of metabolic syndrome is to lower high blood pressure. Reducing the amount of sodium and salt in your diet is a great start.


    Migraines and Auras
    Auras may include visual disturbances (jagged lines with bright spots or flashes); temporary, partial vision loss; numbness; and tingling sensations.


    Migraines: Should You Take Preventive Medication?
    For some people, taking medication every day can help prevent migraines and make them less painful when they occur.


    MS and Summer: Coping with Symptom Flareups
    Warm weather may have an impact on your MS symptoms. These tips can help.


    Nonsurgical Treatment Options for Heart Attack
    Not everyone who has had a heart attack needs open-heart surgery, such as a bypass operation.


    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    The symptoms of OCD vary widely from person to person. Without treatment, OCD can last for a lifetime.


    Old Makeup Can Cause Serious Eye Infections
    Most cosmetics have long shelf lives, but since they can be contaminated with bacteria after only one use, it is a good idea to keep track of how long you have been using products, such as mascara and eyeliners.


    Osteoporosis: Evaluate Your Risk
    Many people are unaware they have osteoporosis until they have advanced symptoms, which may include a broken hip or wrist, low back pain or a hunched back.


    Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection) in Adults
    Otitis media is infection or inflammation in the middle ear. Most kids have at least one ear infection by the time they are 3 years old. But, adults can also get ear infections.


    Overview of Kidney Disorders
    Detailed information on kidney conditions, including kidney function, nephrology, kidney problem causes, kidney disease symptoms, and a labeled, full-color anatomical illustration


    Physical Therapist
    Physical therapists focus on restoring a patient's mobility (movement) and function, and preventing of further disability.


    Poor Oral Health Is a Problem for People with Diabetes
    Diabetes is nothing to smile about. The disease can cause serious damage to your body. It can even harm your teeth.


    Pregnancy and Oral Health
    Regular dental checkups and cleanings, along with brushing and flossing often, are important for a healthy mouth and a health pregnancy.


    Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
    Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a much more severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It may affect women who are able to get pregnant. It’s a severe and chronic medical condition that requires attention and treatment. Lifestyle changes and sometimes medications can help manage symptoms.


    Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
    Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of emotional and physical symptoms many women have in the days before their period starts. Lifestyle changes and sometimes medicines can help manage symptoms.


    Prescription Drug Addiction
    Three kinds of prescription drugs are potentially addictive: opioids, tranquilizers, and stimulants.


    Preventing a Second Heart Attack
    Most Americans survive a first heart attack. By taking action, however, they can significantly reduce their chances for a second heart attack.


    Prevention of Heart Disease Starts in Childhood
    You may think of heart disease as a problem for adults, not your young children. But diet and exercise habits started in childhood can begin a lifetime of heart health, or a lifetime of heart damage.


    Q and A: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    Rituals such as hand washing, counting, checking or cleaning are often performed in hope of preventing obsessive thoughts or making them go away. Performing these rituals, however, provides only temporary relief, and not performing them markedly increases anxiety. Left untreated, obsessions and the need to perform rituals can take over a person's life. OCD is often a chronic, relapsing illness.


    Questions About Asthma Medicine
    It's good to learn as much as you can about your asthma medicines.


    Rheumatoid Arthritis: Medicines
    Rheumatoid arthritis can be a frustrating condition to deal with because it doesn’t have an easily identifiable cause. It’s an autoimmune disorder, which means your immune system literally attacks your body—in this case, your joints.


    Rotavirus Infections
    Detailed information on rotavirus, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention


    Rubeola (Measles)
    Detailed information on measles, including symptoms, complications, prevention, and treatment


    Seasonal Affective Disorder or SAD
    Seasonal affective disorder, or SAD, is type of depression. It happens during certain seasons of the year—most often fall or winter. It is thought that shorter days and less daylight may trigger a chemical change in the brain leading to symptoms of depression. Light therapy and antidepressants can help treat SAD.


    Sexually Transmitted Diseases
    Women suffer more frequent and severe symptoms from STDs. Some STDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to both infertility and ectopic pregnancy.


    Shingles
    Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a common infection of the nerves that is caused by a virus. It causes a painful rash or small blisters on an area of skin.


    Short Height in Children
    Some children grow more slowly than others. Height in the low normal range is still normal, healthcare providers say.


    Sleep and Your Child
    Without enough shut-eye, children are more likely to struggle with their school studies, do poorly on the playing field, and suffer depression.


    Smoking and Asthma
    Did you know that smoking cigarettes can make your asthma worse?


    Smoking Hurts Your Back
    Smoking damages your arteries, and it’s thought that the damaged arteries in the discs and joints in your back may lead to pain and injury.


    Special Caution on Concussions
    Concussions affect many athletes, but these sports injuries are the least understood.


    Special Foot Care for Diabetes
    It's not high blood sugar, heart disease, or stroke that most often puts people with diabetes in the hospital. It's their feet.


    Strength Training and Heart Disease
    If you think that you can’t begin a strength-training program because you have heart disease, think again.


    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
    Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden and unexplained death of a baby younger than 1 year old. SIDS is sometimes called crib death because the death happens when a baby is sleeping in a crib. It’s one of the leading causes of death in babies from ages 1 month to 1 year. It happens most often between 2 and 4 months old.


    Take Action to Beat Heart Disease
    Even if you already have atherosclerosis or have had a heart attack, there’s a lot you can do to prevent future heart problems.


    Take Care with Nasal Sprays
    A medicated nasal decongestant spray may offer fast relief when your nose is congested and running. It can reduce swelling and clear mucus from your nasal passages quickly.


    Teens and Prescription Drugs
    Many young people take prescription drugs because they believe they are safer than street drugs, but they can be just as dangerous if taken improperly.


    The Cluster Headache: Just Like Clockwork
    Cluster headaches -- called "cluster" because of their pattern of striking in groups or clusters -- hit at the same time of day for a period of weeks or months, then vanish as suddenly and as mysteriously as they appeared.


    The Lowdown on Low Blood Pressure
    Doctors often consider chronically low blood pressure too low only if it drops suddenly or causes noticeable symptoms.


    The Metabolic Syndrome: At Risk for Depression
    People with more visceral fat or an apple-shaped body—two factors associated with the metabolic syndrome—are more likely to have depression.


    The Truth About Triglycerides
    Triglycerides are the most common type of fat in your body. Most of your body's fat is stored as triglycerides.


    Thyroid Gland
    Detailed information on the thyroid gland, including anatomy and function


    Tinea Infections (Ringworm)
    Detailed information on the most common types of ringworm, including diagnosis and treatment


    Tinnitus: Stopping the Sound in Your Head
    About 50 million Americans have tinnitus. For nearly 25% of them, the phantom noise is distracting enough that they seek medical advice.


    Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy in Children
    A tonsillectomy may be recommended if your child has throat infections that keep coming back. Adenoidectomy is recommended if your child has a lot of trouble breathing through the nose. Often the tonsils and adenoids are removed at the same time.


    Tonsillitis
    Tonsillitis means that your tonsils are inflamed. Your tonsils are large, fleshy glands at the back of your throat. These glands make antibodies that help fight infection.


    Tracking Symptoms of Heart Failure
    If you have heart failure, knowing your body can help you manage your condition.


    Traveling with Asthma
    Whether you pack a suitcase every week or once a year, you probably know that traveling takes a little extra preparation when you have asthma.


    Twins and Premature Birth
    If you’re pregnant with twins, you’ll want to carefully consider this advice. It can help increase your chances for a full-term pregnancy.


    Understanding Atherosclerosis
    Atherosclerosis can start as early as childhood and can lead to many health conditions, including heart disease and stroke.


    Understanding Diabetic Kidney Disease
    Too often, diabetes leads to kidney disease. But it doesn’t have to. When kidney problems are caught early, you can take steps to prevent more serious kidney disease.


    Understanding Eating Disorders
    At least 8 million people in the U.S. are living with an eating disorder. The overwhelming majority—about 90%—are female.


    Understanding Prehypertension
    Prehypertension is a term that alerts people to the risk of developing chronic high blood pressure if they don’t take timely steps to improve their lifestyle habits.


    Understanding Repeated Pregnancy Loss
    In the past, a woman who miscarried several times might never know why it happened. Today, more and more women are finding out the causes of their recurrent miscarriages.


    Understanding Spirometry
    Spirometry is an easy test that tells your healthcare provider how well your lungs are working.


    Understanding the 'Pins and Needles' Feeling
    Having a limb fall asleep and then feeling pins and needles is more common if you have poor circulation.


    Urinary Incontinence
    Urinary incontinence (UI) is the loss of urine control. You may not being able to hold your urine until you can reach a restroom. It may be a short-term problem caused by another health issue. Or it may be a long-term problem that you’ll have to manage.


    Urinary Incontinence in Children
    Enuresis is the medical term for bedwetting, or accidental urination in children who should be able to control their bladder. Girls usually have bladder control before boys do. The diagnosis of enuresis is for girls older than 5 and for boys older than 6.


    Using Allergy Medicines
    Keep these guidelines in mind when looking for allergy relief.


    Uterine Fibroids
    Uterine fibroids are tumors in a woman's uterus. They are usually not cancer.


    Varicose Veins
    Detailed information on varicose veins, including causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and full-color anatomical illustrations


    What Are the Health Effects of Air Pollution?
    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) tracks five major air pollutants that cause significant health effects: ground-level ozone, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, carbon monoxide and microscopic particles called particulate matter.


    What Every Parent Should Know About Immunizations
    Where can you as a parent turn to for the facts about vaccine safety? The first place to go is your child's healthcare provider.


    What is a Transient Ischemic Attack?
    A transient ischemic attack (TIA), also called a ministroke or warning stroke, causes symptoms similar to those of a stroke.


    What Is Cardiac Asthma?
    Cardiac asthma can the same symptoms as true asthma. But the symptoms are caused by heart failure, which leads to fluid buildup in the lungs.


    What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?
    For some people, frightening memories of a terrible event can resurface months or even years after the ordeal. In reliving the event, people become fearful and unable to cope with daily life.


    What Is Spinal Stenosis?
    Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spinal canal narrows and pinches the nerves. This results in back and leg pain.


    What Is Ulcerative Colitis?
    Ulcerative colitis is a chronic illness. It begins with inflammation in the rectum and can progress to involve much or all of the large intestine.


    What You Need to Know About Mental Illness
    Every year, one in four Americans suffers from a diagnosable mental disorder that interferes with their ability to function at work or school or in their daily lives.


    What You Need to Know About Vomiting
    Although nausea and vomiting can make you feel miserable, it's important to remember that these are not diseases, but rather symptoms of many illnesses.


    What's Up with Sinusitis?
    Millions of Americans are affected by sinusitis every year. Even so, it's often misdiagnosed and misunderstood by people with the condition.


    When You Have an Eye Allergy
    Eye allergies usually affect both eyes. The main symptoms of an eye allergy include itchy eyes, increased tearing, red or pink eyes, and mild swelling of the eyelids.


    When You’re Taking Heart Medications
    These medications are life-giving and powerful. It's important to take them just as your doctor has prescribed.


    Whooping Cough (Pertussis) in Adults
    Detailed information on whooping cough, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention


    Why Healthcare Providers Remove Cataracts
    A cataract is a clouding of the eye's lens, a clear, soft structure behind the pupil that works much like a camera lens. The top cause of cataracts is aging. In fact, more people over 70 have cataracts than not.


    Why Your Healthcare Provider Tests Your Blood Sugar
    In adults, a screening blood sugar test is generally used to determine if your blood sugar is too high. For adults, having an elevated blood sugar usually will not give you symptoms and may indicate a pending or current problem with type 2 diabetes.


    Your Child's Allergies: Dust Mites
    Detailed information on dust mite allergens


    Your Child's Asthma Action Plan at School
    The best way to prepare the school staff to meet your child’s needs is to develop an asthma action plan.


    Your Child's Asthma: First Office Visit
    You may be wondering what questions the healthcare provider will ask or what tests and exams your child will need.


    Your Child's Asthma: School Strategies
    Research shows that informed, supportive teachers and staff can play a big role in helping students manage their asthma.


    Your Child's Diabetes Care Team
    Having a child with diabetes can be overwhelming. Fortunately, a team of experts can guide you now and in the years to come.