Health Concerns: Head to Toe

    Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease

      Alzheimer's Disease

        Alzheimer Disease
        Alzheimer disease is a disease that affects the brain and nervous system. It is a type of dementia that happens when nerve cells in the brain die.

        Alzheimer's Disease Quiz
        Find out more about this degenerative disease of the brain by taking this quiz.

        Helping Someone with Memory Loss
        In older people, it's easy to mistake memory problems for the everyday forgetfulness that some people experience as they grow older.


      Parkinson's Disease

        Parkinson Disease
        Parkinson disease is a motor system disorder that causes trembling, stiffness and trouble moving.

      Anatomy of the Brain
      The brain is an important organ that controls thought, memory, emotion, touch, motor skills, vision, respiration, and every process that regulates your body.

      Diagnostic Tests for Neurological Disorders
      Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated and complex. Many of the same symptoms occur in different combinations among the different disorders.

      Neurological Exam
      A neurological exam may be performed with instruments, such as lights and reflex hammers, and usually does not cause any pain to the patient.

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    Arthritis

      About Arthritis and Other Rheumatic Diseases
      Arthritis, itself a group of more than 100 different diseases, is one category of rheumatic diseases.

      Anatomy of a Joint
      Joints are the areas where two or more bones meet. Most joints are mobile, allowing the bones to move.

      Arthritis
      Arthritis and other rheumatic diseases are common conditions that cause pain, swelling, and limited movement. They affect joints and connective tissues around the body. Millions of people in the U.S. have some form of arthritis.

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    Bladder Problems and Erectile Dysfunction

      Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
      Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is also called benign prostatic hypertrophy. It’s when the prostate gland becomes very large and may cause problems passing urine. BPH is not cancer, and is a common part of aging.

      Bladder and Bowel Incontinence
      Bladder dysfunction and bowel dysfunction refer to problems with urinating and passing stools. These may lead to the unwanted passage of urine or stool, called urinary or fecal incontinence.

      Impotence/Erectile Dysfunction
      Erectile dysfunction (ED) or impotence means you can’t get an erection. It can also mean you are dissatisfied with the size or hardness of your erections, or how long your erections last.

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    Breast Cancer


    Diabetes

      Diabetes Complications

        Cardiovascular Disease Screening and Management
        Diabetes affects the cardiovascular system, but many problems aren't apparent until a person has a heart attack or stroke.

        Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
        If you have diabetes, you are twice as likely to have high blood pressure. Untreated, high blood pressure can raise your risk for heart disease.

        Diabetic Foot Problems
        Diabetes can damage the nerves in your feet, as well as lead to blood vessel disease. These conditions make it more difficult to notice when you injure your foot or develop a sore.

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      Pre-Diabetes

      Facts About Diabetes
      Diabetes affects the way the body metabolizes, or uses, digested food to make glucose, the main source of fuel for the body.

      Type 2 Diabetes
      When your body can’t make enough insulin or can’t use insulin, it is called type 2 diabetes. Insulin helps the cells in the body absorb glucose, or sugar, for energy. Without insulin, glucose builds up in the blood resulting in high blood sugar.


    Hearing Problems

      Acoustic Neuroma
      Acoustic neuroma is a rare noncancerous tumor. It grows slowly from an overproduction of Schwann cells and is also called a vestibular schwannoma. The tumor then presses on the hearing and balance nerves in the inner ear. Schwann cells normally wrap around and support nerve fibers. A large tumor can press on the facial nerve or brain structures.

      Age-Related Hearing Loss (Presbycusis)
      Age-related hearing loss (presbycusis) is the gradual loss of hearing in both ears. It’s a common problem linked to aging.

      Audiology
      Audiologists address hearing and balance problems in people of all ages. They also help with the fitting and management of hearing aids.

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    Heart Disease and Stroke

      Heart Disease


      Stroke

        Effects of Stroke
        When an area of the brain is damaged, which typically occurs with a stroke, an impairment may result. An impairment is the loss of normal function of part of the body. Sometimes, an impairment may result in a disability, or inability to perform an activity in a normal way.

        Evaluation Procedures for Stroke
        Tests that may be used to help diagnose a stroke include a CT scan or MRI, and an electroencephalogram.

        Rehabilitation for Stroke
        Stroke rehabilitation works best when the patient, family, and rehabilitation staff works together as a team. Family members must learn about impairments and disabilities caused by the stroke and how to help the patient achieve optimal function again.

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    Joint Replacement

      Arthroscopy
      Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, tube shaped instrument that is used to look inside a joint.

      Evaluation Procedures for Orthopedic Problems
      To help the orthopedist determine your treatment, you'll need a physical exam, a medical history profile, and a description of symptoms.

      Hip Fracture
      A hip fracture is a break in the thigh bone (femur) of your hip joint. The majority happen to people older than 60 years of age, and women get more hip fractures than men.

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    Memory Loss

      Helping Someone with Memory Loss
      In older people, it's easy to mistake memory problems for the everyday forgetfulness that some people experience as they grow older.


    Osteoporosis

      Hip Fracture
      A hip fracture is a break in the thigh bone (femur) of your hip joint. The majority happen to people older than 60 years of age, and women get more hip fractures than men.

      Kyphoplasty
      Kyphoplasty is a procedure used to treat fractures or breaks in the vertebrae. It involves injecting a cement-like material into the vertebra to make it more stable.

      Osteoporosis
      Osteoporosis is a disease that causes weak, thinning bones. This leaves the bones at greater risk of breaking. The bones most often affected are the hips, spine, and wrists.

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    Other Health Concerns

      Chronic Pain
      Chronic pain is longstanding pain that persists beyond the usual recovery period or occurs along with a chronic health condition, such as arthritis.

      Colorectal Cancer: Statistics
      Most people who have colorectal cancer are older than 50. Find out who is most likely to get cancer and why.

      Constipation
      Constipation is when your stools are painful or they do not happen often enough. It is the most common GI (gastrointestinal) problem.

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    Prostate Cancer


    Vision Problems

      Age-Related Macular Degeneration
      Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that affects a person’s central vision. AMD is the most common cause of severe loss of eyesight among people ages 60 and older. Only the center of vision is affected with this disease.

      Anatomy of the Eye
      The structures of the eye include the cornea, iris, pupil, macula, retina, and the optic nerve.

      Cataracts
      A cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye. This is an area that is normally clear. As this clouding happens, it keeps light rays from passing through the lens and focusing on the retina. The retina is a tissue lining that is sensitive to light. It is located in the back of the eye. This cloudiness happens when some of the protein which makes up the lens of the eye begins to change its structure. It then gets in the way of your eyesight.

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