Parenting

    A Child's First Dental Visit Fact Sheet
    You can take your child at a younger age, but experts recommend taking him or her by about 12 months at the latest. The dentist can provide or recommend preventative information regarding baby bottle tooth decay, infant feeding practices, mouth cleaning, teething, pacifier habits and finger-sucking habits.


    A Chubby Baby Is Not a Sign of Future Obesity
    With childhood obesity on the rise, should parents worry about the weight of their babies?


    A Kids' Asthma Journal
    Do you want to gain better control over your asthma? Put it in writing!


    A Safety Checklist for Parents
    You can help keep your children safe by following these precautions.


    All Family Time Is Quality Time
    Quality time should be woven into our lives. As our children get older and slip away, we need to stop worrying about the extraordinary and think more about the ordinary."


    Answers to Questions About Your Child's Mental Health
    Although some behavior problems can be attributed to normal child development, some need professional help.


    Appendicitis: Children and Teens
    Appendicitis, an infection of the appendix, is the most common reason for a child to need emergency abdominal surgery.


    Babies Need "Tummy Time"
    Putting babies to sleep on their backs has dramatically reduced the incidence of SIDS. One unexpected side effect: Many infants now have a flattened head.


    Basics About Your Newborn Baby's Body
    Even the best-prepared parents may be surprised by a few things that are quite normal in newborns.


    Binge Drinking Dangers for Young People
    Binge drinkers are most likely found on college campuses, where many students consider a big game or fraternity party an excuse to drink all weekend.


    Bullies: Helping Your Child Cope
    Bullying can happen in school, on the playground—and now even on the Internet through social networking sites. Here are some warning signs to watch for, and information on how to help your child.


    Buying a Bike for Your Child
    Most youngsters learn the basics of pedaling, steering and braking on a tricycle or "big wheel" cycle, and around age 4 are ready to try a two-wheeler with training wheels.


    Child Health Emergencies
    A good guideline to follow is that a medical emergency is any time your child has an injury or illness you believe threatens his or her health or may cause permanent harm.


    Concussion’s Effects Can Spread to the Classroom
    Any blow to the head can cause a concussion. Some of the symptoms may fade quickly, but others can linger. Your child may have trouble sleeping or thinking.


    Concussions: Caution Is a No-Brainer
    Although concussions range from mild to severe, they're all serious injuries that can harm the way the brain works.


    Cough Medicine Abuse by Teens
    A common ingredient in many cough and cold remedies has become a popular substance to abuse by teenagers searching for a cheap, easy high.


    Earlier is Better to Catch Hearing Loss
    Many experts urge hearing tests before newborns leave the hospital. Every year, several thousand babies with hearing problems are born in the U.S.


    Eye Protection Critical in Sports
    Sports is the leading cause of school-age children's eye injuries, but most of those injuries are preventable.


    Eye Protection Keeps Kids in the Game
    The sports that cause the most injuries are basketball, baseball, pool sports, and racket sports. But any sport that involves a projectile is considered hazardous to the eyes.


    Family Fun on a Budget
    There are many fun, low-cost activities to help families make memories and enjoy each other's company on a budget.


    Female Teen Athletes: At Risk for Injury?
    Teen girls who are athletes face unique obstacles when it comes to their bodies and how well they perform.


    Finding Support When You're a Single Parent
    If you're a single parent, you may feel overwhelmed by everything you have to do each day. Here are some ideas on finding support.


    Finding the Best Daycare for Your Child
    Is it almost time to go back to work? The idea of leaving your baby with strangers might be hard to swallow. But finding good daycare doesn’t have to be difficult, if you follow this advice.


    Finding the Right Rehab Program for Substance Abuse
    Drug addiction and alcohol addiction are chronic diseases that can be treated as successfully as many other chronic diseases, including high blood pressure, asthma, and diabetes.


    For Parents: Bicycle, In-Line Skating, Skateboard, and Scooter Safety
    Detailed information on bicycle, in-line skating, skateboarding, and scooter safety


    Glasses Can Help Even Young Children
    Healthcare providers who specialize in children's eye care say children usually become near- or farsighted between ages 6 and 12. But even infants can wear glasses if they need help to see well.


    Guidelines for Raising Smoke-Free Kids
    The most important thing is to keep the lines of communication open -- the more you talk to your children, the better chance you have of staying close when things get tough or when important issues like smoking arise.


    Healthy Diets Overview
    Eating healthy is an important part of a healthy lifestyle and is something that should be taught to children at a young age.


    Help for a Child with a Cold
    You want to help a child with cold symptoms feel better, but choosing among countless over-the-counter (OTC) cold medicines can be daunting. Here are some guidelines that can help.


    Help for Raising Grandchildren
    Many grandparents end up in a position they never expected: raising their grandchildren. Fortunately, state and federal programs are available to assist you and your grandfamily.


    Help Your Babysitter Prepare for Anything
    When you're looking for a babysitter, give yourself enough time to be selective.


    Helping Kids Cope with a Divorce
    Anger, fear, separation anxiety, a sense of abandonment, self-blame, sadness and embarrassment are common reactions to divorce for most children.


    Helping Kids Get Over their Fears
    Studies indicate that almost all children report having fears. Some of the most common fears are of bugs or ghosts, and studies have shown that kids are afraid of pretty much the same things no matter where they live in the world.


    Helping Teens Embrace Self-Care
    By involving teens as full participants in their self-care, they're more likely to choose healthy behaviors throughout their lives.


    High Blood Pressure: Kids Can Have It, Too
    Hypertension, or high blood pressure, isn't limited to those 18 and older.


    How Old Is "Old Enough" for Contacts?
    There are no set rules with children and lenses. Much depends on the responsibility level of the child. Children as young as 8 may do well with contact lenses, but there are some older teens who may be too immature to handle the responsibility.


    How to Bathe Your Baby
    As a new parent, you may find "tub time" a bit scary. Here are some suggestions on how to make it less stressful.


    How to Comfort a Crying Baby
    Some babies cry for long stretches at 3 and 12 weeks of age during steps in development when their sleep is less settled.


    How to Control Your Temper
    At least some anger is necessary for survival. Frequent or intense episodes of anger, however, aren’t good for you or the people around you. If you find yourself boiling mad more often than not, try some of these tips to keep your temper in check.


    How to Discipline Your Child with Love
    All children need limits to feel safe. With the right methods, discipline can be a positive, loving, experience.


    How to Let Go of Growing Kids


    How to Use a Pacifier
    It seems everyone has an opinion about pacifiers. That’s because there are both advantages and disadvantages to using them. Get the full facts so you can make the right choice for your baby.


    In a Nutshell: Understanding Peanut Allergies
    If your child is allergic to peanuts, here's what you need to know.


    Infant Nutrition
    Choosing how to feed your baby is an important decision that has life-long effects for your baby and for you.


    Installing and Using Child Safety Seats and Booster Seats
    As part of your preparation for your new baby, you probably got an infant safety seat for the car. But do you know how to make sure it’s installed properly? And when do you switch to a child safety seat? Learn the ins and outs of safe car travel for your little one.


    Is It Time for Toilet Training?
    Make a potty available, show your toddler how it works, then offer gentle encouragement.


    Is Your Child at Risk for Hepatitis B?
    Hepatitis B is a highly contagious, sexually transmitted disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver, possibly causing lifelong liver infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver cancer and death.


    Is Your Teen Abusing Drugs or Alcohol?
    Besides having trouble with school and relationships, teenagers taking drugs may display emotional extremes with irritability, anger and changes in sleep patterns.


    Job Safety Critical for Teens
    Farming seems to be the most dangerous job. Teens also get hurt in restaurants, supermarkets, retail stores, and other places where they find after-school and summer work.


    Keep an Eye on Your Child's Vision
    It's best to catch vision problems while a child is very young. Later, problems are harder to correct.


    Keep Kids Safe During Yard Work
    Power tools make yard work easier, from mowing the lawn to trimming the bushes. These tools, however, also pose a threat to children if precautions aren't taken.


    Keeping Bullying and Violence Out of Schools


    Kids' Headaches: The Diagnosis Is Difficult
    Most headaches in kids are caused by tension, not disease. Your pediatrician can determine what kind of headache your child has.


    Major Depression in Adolescents
    Depression is a mood disorder that involves a adolescent's body, mood, and thoughts. It can affect and disrupt eating, sleeping, or thinking patterns.


    Making Family Fitness Fun
    Activity can help prevent heart disease, cancer, and stroke. It can also lessen feelings of depression, and boost confidence. As children get older, they often reduce their physical activity. Because of this, making activity a family priority is key.


    Many Youngsters Suck Their Thumbs
    Young children often suck on their thumbs. It's perfectly normal, even though some parents fret about it.


    Medicines to Treat ADHD in Children
    Children who have ADHD are often given medicine as part of their treatment plan. The type of medicine most often chosen is a psychostimulant.


    Moving Your Toddler from Crib to Bed
    Moving your child from the crib to a first bed is a milestone event. But more than the bittersweet emotional concerns, your priorities will be safety and a healthy sleep routine.


    Over-The-Counter Medicines for Infants and Children
    OTC drugs have information on the bottle or box. Always read this information before using the medicine.


    Parenting Déjà vu: Raising Your Grandchildren
    About 4.9 million children live in households headed by grandparents. These are commonly called “grandfamilies” or “second families.” Two out of three of your fellow grandparents handling this responsibility are older than 50, and the children are often under age 6.


    Parents: Check Toys for Lead
    If you have toys that have been recalled, don’t throw them out. Take them back to the store where they came from.


    Parents-to-Be Must Communicate
    few mothers- and fathers-to-be receive training for the much more challenging and long-term tasks: becoming good parents and remaining close and loving partners in the face of new stresses and strains as their family grows.


    Prevent Shaken Baby Syndrome
    While being a new Mom brings lots of joy, it also brings stress—something a crying baby can make worse. A better understanding of why your baby cries can help you deal with this stress in a healthy way and help you avoid the most common form of child abuse: Shaken baby syndrome.


    Prevention of Heart Disease Starts in Childhood
    You may think of heart disease as a problem for adults, not your young children. But diet and exercise habits started in childhood can begin a lifetime of heart health, or a lifetime of heart damage.


    Primer: A Parent's Guide to Inhalant Abuse
    Inhalants are breathable chemical vapors that produce mind-altering effects. Knowing the facts about inhalants can help you protect your children.


    Primer: GHB, the Club Drug
    On the street, GHB is used for is ability to produce a feeling of euphoria and hallucinations.


    Protect Kids from Lead Poisoning
    Although lead poisoning is often associated with the paint of older homes, children may be exposed to lead if the soldering on water pipes is new. In fact, lead may be found in many parts of a home, including soil, food or even the air.


    Protect Your Child from Medical Errors
    A medical error can occur when something that was planned for medical care doesn't work, or when the wrong plan was used in the first place.


    Put Peer Pressure in Its Place
    During the teen years, peer pressure can be very strong. It can push kids to do things that they don't really want to do. This pressure can come from friends or other kids at school. But parents can counter it, if they're ready to help.


    Raising Kids with Self-Esteem
    Research shows that adolescents who grow up with high self-esteem are far less likely to abuse drugs or drink, compared with children who grow up without much sense of self-worth.


    Reading to Kids Helps Their Development
    Research shows that reading regularly to young children, especially those between ages 6 months and 5 years, is central to their overall growth and development.


    Rotavirus Infections
    Detailed information on rotavirus, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention


    Rubeola (Measles)
    Detailed information on measles, including symptoms, complications, prevention, and treatment


    Safety for You and Your Child
    You can help your child by being prepared and preventing injuries from happening. It is important to take charge of your child's health and follow a program designed to help you and your family stay healthy and safe.


    Short Height in Children
    Some children grow more slowly than others. Height in the low normal range is still normal, healthcare providers say.


    Sleep and Your Child
    Without enough shut-eye, children are more likely to struggle with their school studies, do poorly on the playing field, and suffer depression.


    Sports and Music: Both Good for Kids
    Organized sports for children offer obvious benefits such as physical fitness and sportsmanship, but did you know that a musical education program has many of the same benefits? Music education and participation in sports are both great ways to prepare your child for future success.


    Stop Dating Abuse Before It Starts
    Teen dating violence is worrisome. But it's not inevitable. Here's how you and your teen can avoid possibly unsafe situations and reduce the risk for problems.


    Street Hockey: Good Surface, Gear Are Critical
    Street hockey is popular because it's cheaper than regular hockey and can be played anywhere there is a hard surface.


    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
    Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden and unexplained death of a baby younger than 1 year old. SIDS is sometimes called crib death because the death happens when a baby is sleeping in a crib. It’s one of the leading causes of death in babies from ages 1 month to 1 year. It happens most often between 2 and 4 months old.


    Taking Baby's Temperature
    For a parent who needs to take an infant's or child's temperature, there are now 4 digital thermometer choices.


    Talk With Your Kids About These Issues
    Talking with your child about drugs, alcohol and tobacco is tough. But you can't afford to ignore these topics. Children learn about these substances and feel pressure to use them at a very young age.


    Talking About Sex with Your Teen
    With studies showing that more than half of America's teenagers have experienced sexual intercourse by the age of 18, educating kids about sex is something all parents need to do.


    Teaching Kids to Wash Their Hands
    How can you get your kids into the handwashing habit? We’ve got a few tips for you below.


    Teen Suicide
    Suicide is the third leading cause of death in 15- to 24-year-olds. The strongest risk factors for attempted suicide in youth are depression, substance abuse, and aggressive or disruptive behaviors.


    Teenagers and Summer Jobs


    Teens and Prescription Drugs
    Many young people take prescription drugs because they believe they are safer than street drugs, but they can be just as dangerous if taken improperly.


    Temper Tantrums
    These fits of rage—the stomping, screaming, and falling on the floor—are a normal part of childhood development. Temper tantrums often happen only with a parent. They are a way for the child to communicate his or her feelings.


    The Dangers of Binge Drinking
    Too many young people are participating in a dangerous practice called binge drinking, or drinking to intoxication. It's defined as having 5 or more drinks in a row for men; for women, it’s 4-plus drinks in a row.


    The Facts About Recreational Marijuana
    Knowing about marijuana can help you recognize its use in children and others and help a user seek treatment.


    Tinea Infections (Ringworm)
    Detailed information on the most common types of ringworm, including diagnosis and treatment


    Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy in Children
    A tonsillectomy may be recommended if your child has throat infections that keep coming back. Adenoidectomy is recommended if your child has a lot of trouble breathing through the nose. Often the tonsils and adenoids are removed at the same time.


    Toy Safety—Identifying High-Risk Situations
    Small toys or toys with small removal parts are not appropriate for children ages 3 and younger.


    Trampoline Safety
    Home trampolines are popular and seem like lots of fun, but they’re also dangerous. They cause thousands of injuries every year in the U.S.


    Treating Minor Childhood Injuries
    Scrapes and sprains are a fact of life for most children, so it’s good to know what to do when they come home with a minor injury.


    Twins and Premature Birth
    If you’re pregnant with twins, you’ll want to carefully consider this advice. It can help increase your chances for a full-term pregnancy.


    Understanding the Teen Brain
    Parents need to realize the rational part of a teen’s brain isn’t fully developed and won’t be until he or she is 25 years old or so.


    Unwrap the Gift of Toy Safety
    Your challenge is to find toys that your children will enjoy and that you know are safe.


    Urinary Incontinence in Children
    Enuresis is the medical term for bedwetting, or accidental urination in children who should be able to control their bladder. Girls usually have bladder control before boys do. The diagnosis of enuresis is for girls older than 5 and for boys older than 6.


    Vaping and E-Cigarettes
    More people are lighting up with electronic cigarettes. Unlike regular cigarettes, these devices deliver nicotine without all the smoke. But are they safer? Learn what’s known about e-cigarettes and vaping.


    Watch That Backpack Load
    Most children rely on backpacks to carry books and supplies to and from school and activities. But a backpack that’s too heavy or doesn’t fit right can cause harm.


    Weight Room No Longer Off-Limits to Kids
    The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American College of Sports Medicine now say that strength training is fine for kids, as long as they are supervised and don't try to lift too much weight.


    What Every Parent Should Know About Immunizations
    Where can you as a parent turn to for the facts about vaccine safety? The first place to go is your child's healthcare provider.


    What You Can Do to Prevent Child Abuse
    Child abuse can happen in any family and in any neighborhood. Studies have shown that child abuse crosses all boundaries of income, race, ethnic heritage and religious faith.


    What You Need to Know About Vomiting
    Although nausea and vomiting can make you feel miserable, it's important to remember that these are not diseases, but rather symptoms of many illnesses.


    When a Family Grieves
    Learning about grief and how it affects your family can help you get through the difficult times together. It may even help your family grow stronger.


    When to Call Your Child's Healthcare Provider
    For parents of a newborn, first-time parents, or any anxious mom or dad, it may be hard to tell a true health threat that needs a doctor's attention from a frightening, yet simple, illness that doesn't require medical treatment. Most sniffles, sneezes, and stomachaches don't need medical attention. But how do you know when it's time to call the doctor?


    Why Children Get Carsick—And What to Do
    Carsickness isn't really about the car. It's about the brain's ability to interpret a message based on what it senses.


    Your 2-Year-Old Child
    Remember that "terrible twos" phase of a child's life also can be the "terrific twos." Watching your children grow and learn is an enriching experience.


    Your Child’s Separation Anxiety and School
    The prospect of new experiences away from parents or other loved ones can be quite frightening, especially for younger children. These worries are a normal part of development for all children.


    Your Child's Asthma: First Office Visit
    You may be wondering what questions the healthcare provider will ask or what tests and exams your child will need.


    Your Child's Diabetes Care Team
    Having a child with diabetes can be overwhelming. Fortunately, a team of experts can guide you now and in the years to come.