Women's Health Issues

    Breast Health


    Conditions of Concern to Women

      Headache

        Headache
        Nearly everyone has suffered from a headache. This article discusses several types of headache, how they are diagnosed and treated.

        How a Migraine Happens
        One theory says that migraine pain occurs because of waves of activity by groups of excitable brain cells, which trigger chemicals, such as serotonin to constrict blood vessels.

        Migraine Headaches
        This often severe, throbbing type of headache is different from other types of headaches in that symptoms other than pain occur with the headache. Nausea and vomiting, lightheadedness, sensitivity to light (photophobia), and other visual disturbances are common migraine symptoms.


      Urinary Problems

        Cystocele
        When the wall between the bladder and the vagina weakens, the bladder may drop or sag into the vagina. This disorder in women is called cystocele.

        Interstitial Cystitis
        Interstitial cystitis (IC) is an inflamed or irritated bladder wall. It can lead to scarring and stiffening of the bladder. The bladder can’t hold as much urine as it did in the past. It is a chronic disorder.

        Urinary Incontinence
        Urinary incontinence (UI) is the loss of urine control. You may not being able to hold your urine until you can reach a restroom. It may be a short-term problem caused by another health issue. Or it may be a long-term problem that you’ll have to manage.

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      Anemia Overview
      Anemia is a common blood disorder. It occurs when you have fewer red blood cells than normal, or not enough hemoglobin in your blood. When you have anemia, your blood can’t carry enough oxygen to your body. Without enough oxygen, your body can’t work as well as it should.

      Colorectal Cancer: Statistics
      Most people who have colorectal cancer are older than 50. Find out who is most likely to get cancer and why.

      Cystocele
      When the wall between the bladder and the vagina weakens, the bladder may drop or sag into the vagina. This disorder in women is called cystocele.

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    Gynecological Health

      Gynecological Cancer

        Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome (Gorlin Syndrome)
        The risk for ovarian cancer and skin cancer is increased with basal cell nevus syndrome, a rare genetic disorder.

        Cervical Cancer: Introduction
        Cervical cancer develops from abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix that spread deeper or to other tissues or organs. This type of cancer occurs most often in women older than 40.

        Endometrial Cancer: Diagnosis
        Cancer of the endometrium is a disease in which cancerous cells are found in the lining of the uterus. It is highly curable when found early.

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      Gynecological Conditions

        Endometriosis
        The tissue that lines the uterus is called the endometrium. Normally, if a woman doesn’t get pregnant, this tissue is shed each month during her period. In endometriosis, tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue implants outside the uterus.This can cause pain, heavy periods, and infertility.

        Hysterectomy
        Hysterectomy is surgery to remove the uterus. Your healthcare provider may also remove one or both ovaries, and the fallopian tubes. In some cases, he or she may remove other parts of the reproductive system.

        Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
        Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection of a woman’s reproductive tract. Scar tissue grows between internal organs leading to ongoing pelvic pain. It can also lead to ectopic pregnancy.

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      Gynecology Tests & Procedures

        Cervical Biopsy
        A cervical biopsy is a procedure to remove tissue from the cervix to test for abnormal or precancerous conditions, or cervical cancer.

        Colposcopy
        Your healthcare provider uses colposcopy to view the opening to the uterus, called the cervix, and the vagina. It uses an instrument with a magnifying lens and a light, called a colposcope.

        Cystoscopy for Women
        Cystoscopy is a procedure that lets the healthcare provider view the urinary tract, particularly the bladder, the urethra, and the openings to the ureters. Cystoscopy can help find problems with the urinary tract. This may include early signs of cancer, infection, narrowing, blockage, or bleeding.

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    Heart Disease and Stroke

      Cardiovascular Tests & Procedures

        Angioplasty and Stent Placement for the Heart
        Angioplasty, also called percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), is a procedure used to open blocked coronary arteries (caused by coronary artery disease) and restore blood flow to the heart muscle without open-heart surgery.

        Cardiac Catheterization
        In cardiac catheterization (often called cardiac cath), a very small hollow tube, or catheter, is advanced from a blood vessel in the groin or arm through the aorta into the heart. Once it is in place, several diagnostic and treatment procedures can be done using catheterization.

        Carotid Artery Duplex Scan
        A carotid artery duplex scan is an imaging test to look at how blood flows through the carotid arteries in your neck.

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      Heart Disease


      Stroke

        Effects of Stroke
        When an area of the brain is damaged, which typically occurs with a stroke, an impairment may result. An impairment is the loss of normal function of part of the body. Sometimes, an impairment may result in a disability, or inability to perform an activity in a normal way.

        Evaluation Procedures for Stroke
        Tests that may be used to help diagnose a stroke include a CT scan or MRI, and an electroencephalogram.

        Rehabilitation for Stroke
        Stroke rehabilitation works best when the patient, family, and rehabilitation staff works together as a team. Family members must learn about impairments and disabilities caused by the stroke and how to help the patient achieve optimal function again.

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    Obesity


    Osteoporosis

      Orthopedic Tests and Procedures

        Bone Density Test
        A bone density test is used to measure the bone mineral content and density. It may be done using X-rays, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA or DXA), or a special CT scan that uses computer software to determine bone density of the hip or spine.

        Bone Scan
        A bone scan is a radiology procedure used to look at the skeleton. It is done to find areas of physical and chemical changes in bone. A bone scan may also be used to see if treatment of certain conditions is working.

        Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Spine
        Computed tomography is an imaging test that uses X-rays and a computer to make detailed images of the body. A CT scan shows details of the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than standard X-rays.

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      Understanding Osteoporosis

        Bone Density Test
        A bone density test measures the strength and density of your bones as you approach menopause and, when the test is repeated sometime later, can help determine how quickly you are losing bone mass and density.

        Hip Fracture
        A hip fracture is a break in the thigh bone (femur) of your hip joint. The majority happen to people older than 60 years of age, and women get more hip fractures than men.

        Osteoporosis
        Osteoporosis is a disease that causes weak, thinning bones. This leaves the bones at greater risk of breaking. The bones most often affected are the hips, spine, and wrists.

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    Plastic Surgery

      Breast Augmentation
      Breast augmentation is a procedure to reshape the breast to make it larger. The procedure can also be done to reconstruct the breast after breast surgery.

      Breast Augmentation Surgery
      Breast augmentation surgery increases the size or the fullness of the breasts using sacs filled with fluid or gel. These sacs are called breast implants.

      Breast Cancer: Breast Reconstruction After Breast Surgery
      Breast reconstruction surgery involves creating a breast mound that comes as close as possible to the form and appearance of the natural breast.

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    Sports Injuries

      Exercise
      Exercise doesn't have to be vigorous to offer health benefits. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity daily, or on most days of the week.

      Exercise and the Aging Person
      Exercise is good for people of all ages. It helps lower blood pressure, reduces the risks for falls and serious injuries, and slows the body's loss of muscle and bone mass.

      Lumbar Strain
      A lumbar strain is an injury to the lower back,. This results in damaged tendons and muscles that spasm and feel sore.

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